Abstract: After the end of the Apartheid regime in South Africa in 1994, a large number of foreign immigrants flooded into South Africa, triggering continued xenophobic behavior in South Africa. The target of South Africa’s xenophobic behavior is mainly black African immigrants, and the implementation groups are relatively wide. The phenomenon of xenophobic behavior continues to occur with high frequency and extreme violence. The socialization of economic problems is the root cause of xenophobic behavior in South Africa, the irrational nationalism is the important source of thought, the long-term Apartheid is the historical reason, the “relative deprivation” is the main source of xenophobia, and the media’s public opinion orientation is a catalyst for South Africa’s xenophobic thoughts. Xenophobic behavior is a complex issue of racism, nationalism, violence culture and social stratification that emerged during the political and economic transformation of South Africa, which has a relatively serious negative impact on South Africa. Therefore, South Africa needs to develop a holistic, long-term solution to solve this problem through various paths such as economic development, institution building, and social governance.
Key Words: Immigration Issues; South Africa; Xenophobic Behavior; Political and Economic Transformation